Using concrete as a decorative element or simple insulator requires knowledge, precision and unlimited patience. It’s often better to rely on the support of a professional. But if you prefer to do it yourself for your own pleasure, you’re going to be spoiled.
After home sales failed to meet expectations in 2014, many analysts gave a cautious forecast of only a 2% increase in sales for 2015. However, despite several economic ups and downs, the real estate sector performed surprisingly well across Quebec this past year.
Key interest rate, depreciation of the loonie and jobs
To everyone’s surprise, at the start of the year, the Bank of Canada decided to reduce its key interest rate to 0.75%, which led to lower mortgage interest rates. The impact of this change resulted in shorter terms and generous rate discounts. What’s more, in July 2015, the Bank of Canada further reduced its key interest rate to 0.50%. While this second decrease had a less dramatic effect on mortgage rates than the first, it did encourage Canadian banks to reduce their preferred rates, which gave a boost to the Canadian economy.
Among other factors influencing the housing market, the job market proved to be particularly resistant to economic fluctuations, with over 80,000 jobs being created in Canada over the course of the year.
Higher sales than expected with slight price increases
While many anticipated growth in home sales of just 2% in 2015, as mentioned above, by mid-2015, that figure had already reached 5%. The Québec Federation of Real Estate Boards (QFREB) even forecast a rate of 6% or 7% by the end of the year, with some 75,000 properties sold, and the Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) agreed. Continue reading →
Do you not like concrete? It’s grey, cold, ugly, uniform, old fashioned. You don’t even like the word “concrete”. But concrete has come a long way in the last few years! The proof: there is concrete that generates light because of the luminous fibre optics it contains. Want to hear more?
There is translucent concrete which allows the natural light to shine through, self-cleaning and depolluting concrete, concrete that sparkles, concrete that reproduces photos, concrete that changes colour. All of this could be flooding the market soon.
Good old traditional concrete is easy to maintain, resistant, waterproof, solid. Originally reserved for industrial buildings and architecture, concrete has become a popular decorative material in the last few years.
Concrete is not a noble material, but it highlights natural materials like wood, stone and slate. As a floor covering, it fits easily with any of these materials to ensure variety when it comes to flooring. It has even been used to complement terra cotta tiles. Continue reading →
The Registered Retirement Savings Plan (RRSP) and the Tax-Free Savings Account (TFSA) are two savings products that each have their own objectives and advantages. Which one is best for you?
When should you choose an RRSP?
The RRSP is most often used to build savings, tax free, for use at retirement. Tax on earnings is deferred until the funds are withdrawn from the plan, generally at retirement age. This is an excellent way to defer a portion of your salary in order to make up for any shortfall in your income after you retire. Also, RRSP contributions can be deducted from your taxable income, which may lead to tax refunds.
RRSPs are especially beneficial if the amount withdrawn is taxed at a lower rate than the rate in effect when the amount was initially deposited. This is the case for most people because their income at retirement is usually lower than when they were working. RRSPs also open the door to other related programs, such as the Home Buyer’s Plan (HBP).
When should you choose a TFSA?
The TFSA will allow you to invest up to $5,500 in 2015 for various projects, without being taxed on the investment income earned. As with an RRSP, when funds are withdrawn from the account, the capital and income are not taxed. The difference, however, is that TFSA contributions are not deductible from taxable income.
TFSAs can be advantageous for a number of short-term or medium-term projects, and are ideal for setting aside an emergency fund. The TFSA can also be beneficial in the long term for:
people who expect their tax rate to be higher when they withdraw funds from an RRSP than when they contribute to an RRSP
people who have already maximized their RRSP contributions and still have funds to invest outside a registered plan
retirees age 71 or older who can no longer contribute to an RRSP
low-income earners, such as students (18 or older) and people who have access to Guaranteed Income Supplements (GIS), who manage to save some money
Both RRSPs and TFSAs allow investors to choose from a wide range of financial products. The following table will give you a quick overview of their distinguishing features.
(up to 18% of income earned)
(no matter the income earned)(indexed according to the CPI and rounded to the nearest $500)
Unused contribution room carried forward
Creation of new contribution room if withdrawal
Yes, effective the following year
Tax on income
Tax on withdrawals
The year of the 71st birthday of the contributor
Although you cannot contribute to your spouse’s TFSA, funds can be transferred to him/her so he/she can contribute to his/her account, and the income generated will not be subject to the income attribution rules.2
Use as collateral
Mandatory minimum withdrawal
Yes (once the RRSP has been transformed into a RRIF*)
*RRIF: Registered Retirement Income Fund
Get in touch with your dedicated Business Development Manager, who will be pleased to refer you to an expert for advice adapted to your situation and your projects.
For RRSPs and TFSAs, certain penalties may apply if you exceed the eligible contribution limit.
Attribution rules are a tax mechanism whereby an individual who transfers assets to a third party must include the income earned from these assets in his or her own income.
The information in this article is not exhaustive and is for information purposes only. For financial advice or any question concerning your investment options, please consult your National Bank advisor or a professional (accountant, tax specialist, lawyer, etc.).